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Treatment Prevention for Canine Distemper (Hardpad disease) 
by aaheroe

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Treatment: Treatments are directed at limiting secondary bacterial invasion, supporting the fluid balance and overall well-being of the dog, and controlling nervous manifestations. Antibiotics, electrolyte solutions, protein hydrolysates, dietary supplements, antipyretics, nasal preparations, analgesics, and anticonvulsants are used. No one treatment is specific or uniformly successful. Dogs may recover completely from systemic manifestations, but good nursing care is essential. Despite intensive care, some dogs do not make a satisfactory recovery. Unfortunately, treatment for neurologic manifestations of distemper are unsuccessful. If the neurologic signs are progressive or severe, the owner should be appropriately advised.

Prevention: Successful immunization of pups with canine distemper modified live virus (MLV) vaccines depends on the lack of interference by maternal antibody. To overcome this barrier, pups are vaccinated with MLV vaccine when 6 wk old and at 2-to 4-wk intervals until 16 wk old. Measles virus induces immunity to canine distemper virus in the presence of relatively greater levels of maternal distemper antibody. An MLV measles vaccine and a combination of MLV measles and MLV canine distemper vaccine are available. These vaccines must be administered IM. Pups 6-7 wk old should receive the measles or combination vaccine and at least two more doses of MLV distemper vaccine when 12-16 wk old. Many varieties of attenuated distemper vaccine are available and should be used according to manufacturers' directions. Annual revaccination is suggested because of the breaks in neurologic distemper that can occur in stressed, diseased, or immunosuppressed dogs

About the Author
aaheroe is a webmaster and cat and dog lover. For more information visit http://www.my-pet-medicine.com and http://www.mypetproduct.com http://puppy-picture.blogspot.com